As a result of trade and competition on a world scale, production technology has strongly gained importance. This holds not only for the actual manufacturing processes, but also for the technical business management, with subjects such as process planning, production control, cost control, and the organisation of the production company as a whole. This textbook provides an overview of these subjects, with the industrial application as a starting point. The book concentrates on the production of mechanical products. Most manufacturing processes are discussed, such as those for shapeless materials (e.g. casting, sintering, and additive manufacturing), forming and machining processes, and special manufacturing processes (e.g. electro-chemical, laser and water-jet processes). Subjects such as dividing, joining, heat treatment, surface treatment, assembly, quality assurance, and environmental effects have also been included. The book includes an introductory chapter on materials, while relevant material behaviour is discussed in relation with the various processes. Attention is paid to the large influence that product development has on the cost price, and to the selection challenges in production environments. These subjects are discussed in particular in a concluding chapter on product and production development. Industrial Production has been developed as a textbook for mechanical engineering, aviation engineering, industrial design, business management and similar studies in scientific and higher vocational education.