'This important book is the product of a lifetime of scholarship, written with scholarly rigor and a native son's affection for the flat, watery terrain that gives the Netherlands its unique character. Bakker situates Dutch and Flemish landscape painting within the intellectual climate of its time, an era when the natural world was implicitly understood as a reflection of the divine. Exploring the work of talented artists from Bosch and Bruegel to Ruisdael and Rembrandt, this study elucidates the metaphorical, political, and religious connotations that early modern viewers found in landscape imagery. The new English edition, richly illustrated, brings Bakker's stimulating ideas to a wider audience.'
Stephanie Dickey, Queen’s University, Canada
'... Bakker’s book is an extremely useful and engaging addition to the scholarship on Netherlandish and Dutch landscapes and to the early modern period more generally. He puts forth a powerful and comprehensive interpretation not just of landscape pictures, but perhaps even more compelling, of an enduring theological mentality operating throughout these centuries. He seeks to highlight the continuity and coherence of this period over time, a continuity that persisted in the face of dramatic economic, social, demographic, and political changes. This condensed English edition, beautifully illustrated and carefully translated, is especially welcome as it offers the rich results of Bakker’s combined theological and art historical research to a wider circle of scholars and will, as a result, continue to inspire further thinking in the broad field of Netherlandish studies.'
Journal of the Northern Renaissance
'... Bakker’s well-researched survey offers valuable insights into how creation and its relationship to its Maker were viewed by early modern theologians, philosophers and scientists and, not least, how viewers may have responded to images of this creation in landscape paintings and prints.'
The Burlington Magazine
'There are many laudable aspects to Bakker's book, including its lavish illustrations - twenty-eight color plates and seventy-five black-and-white illutrations - an enviable rarity nowadays. It is also well that Bakker makes explicit mention of period calls for religious harmony by Dutch rhetoricians: an important social current that has too often been downplayed in past scholarship.'
Sixteenth Century Journal
'[This] book provides a welcome contribution both to art history and to the history of science, which in the last decade has developed a great interest in visual culture.'
Historians of Netherlandish Art Review of Books